Bed Sore Information
Bedsores can develop quickly and rapidly progress and can be hard to heal. But many of these wounds need not to occur with proper preventative measures.
Bedsores have four levels of severity. They are said to be like an iceberg, with most of the symptoms occurring below the visible area on the skin. Dermaheal products are best used as an early strategy and preventative measure in the first two stages before the open sores develop start to occur.
Stage 1.Pressure ulcer initially appears as a persistent red area of skin that may itch, feel warm, or extra spongy or hard to the touch. In darker skin people the skin may appear to have a blue or purple hueor look flakey grey. Stage one wounds can go away quickly when pressure is relived, but are indication that ongoing bedsore management will probably be needed to prevent more serious problems from occurring.
Stage 2. At this point some skin loss is starting to occur that may look like a blister or abrasion. The surrounding tissue may show red or purple cast. If treated with preventative measures and dermaheal products the wound should heal quickly. But ongoing preventative management measures should continue.
Stage 3. By this stage the pressure ulcer is a deep crater like wound.
Stage 4. The most advanced stage, a large scale loss of skin occurs, along with muscle, bones and even tendens and and joints. These wounds are very hard to heal and involve advance wound healing techniques or surgery.
Where Pressure Sores Develop
If in a wheelchair
-tailbone and buttocks
-backs of arms and legs where they rest against chair
-back and side of head, rims of ears
-shoulder and shoulder blades
-hipbones, lower back, tailbone
-knees, heels, ankles, toes
Present therapies include special mattresses that relieve the pressure , sheeps wool liners, VAC therapy, (vacuum assisted therapy) and the standard therapy of assisting the patient to move every couple of hours. The best approach to managing bedsores is preventing them from happening in the first place. Open wounds are slow to close and heal. Because skin and tissues are already destroyed healing may never be complete and perfect. Once established, a stage four bedsore can cost up to $70,000 to treat. Add that Medicaid and Medicare as of 2007 have discontinued reimbursing hospitals for the cost of bedsores. So the best approach for the caretaker to is find successful protocols which will prevent bedsores and pressure ulcers from ever forming.
Stage 1 and 2 bedsores may take some time to heal, but using standard therapies along with dermalheal bed and chair pads most stage 1 and 2 sores will heal. Stage 3 and 4 wounds which are less likely to resolve with the measures used to resolve 1 and 2 may require surgery.
The first step in relieving the pressure that caused it, use Derma silicone sheeting between the skin or covered affected area and the bed or chair.
- changing positions often follow a schedule for turning and moving patient every 15 minutes in a wheelchair and once every two hours if you are in a bed. If you are unable to change position on your own, a family member or care giver can help. Using Dermaheal silicone bed sheet can reduce friction when you move as well as being used to help you move.
- Using support surfaces- These are special cushions, pads, mattresses and beds that relieve pressure. Use Derma silicone bed sheeting over these surfaces for even more enhance healing. The Derma heal silicone sheeting can also be used to separate parts of the body and to reduce friction.
- The derma heal silicone sheeting is ant-bacterial and can be washed and reused up to six months. - It will allow the skin to breath and is semi-occlusive as to prevent moisture build up.
Other Treatments for Bedsores
Cleaning It is essential to keep wounds clean to prevent infection. A stage 1 wound can be gently washed with water and mild soap, such as the Derma heal French lavender cleansing bar. Open sores should be washed with saline solution. You can get Saline solution at drugstore or make it at home by boiling 1 teaspoon of salt in one quart of water for five minutes . Store solution in sterile container and cool before using. Avoid anti spectics such as hydrogen peroxide, and iodine, which can be sensitive to skin and delay healing.